Manipulating SVG fills with powerful tools like the ones listed in my Modifying SVG background fills article have provided an easy way to work with background images. When you have direct access to the code behind the SVG on your page, you can target each
<path /> just like a normal selector in your CSS.
A recent project had me dealing with a third-case: Manipulating the fill of an SVG that was referenced only through an
<img src />; nothing more. The difference here from the other normal options I've used was I didn't have direct access to the source behind the image. Luckily, this was all controlled under a CMS I managed, but the content itself came from an external source and I did not want to store multiple variations that would only differ in the fill.
As I started down the path of storing image dimensions and using the mask property to "cut-out" the needed shape, I came across a pretty unique tool that took advantage of filter to achieve a color overlay. While the result doesn't always come out perfect, there's some handy subtext that allows you to try the calculation again until you achieve the desired result.
A tip I decided to also take from this tool (since it assumes a black vector) was to prepend
brightness(0) saturate(100%) from the output to ensure the values I grabbed would be as true as possible.
While there are a few different options available to achieve this type of overlay; including referencing an SVG element that includes a filter using the
feColorMatrix, I found this to be much easier to re-use across a project and pretty fun to interact with.